Monthly Archives: February 2018

What are the Division Codes?

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When someone gives out a call sign on amateur or CB Radio it usually consists of various numbers and letters of the alphabet.  An example of such a call sign is my own 26CT1994.

When used on the Radio it is pronounced “Two, Six, Charlie, Tango, One, Nine, Nine, Four”.  This is to ensure that each part of the call sign is sent separately for ease of legibility.  The phonetic use of the letters is also important to the legibility of the callsign.

Useally the letters denote the Radio Club that the operator is part of and the last few numbers are their unique identifier of the operator themselves.

The first numbers used in a call sign, in this ccase “26”, ‘Two, Six’ is known as the division code and denotes what area of the world that operator is broadcasting from.

The Division Codes used in the UK are

Division 26 – England
Division 163 – Wales
Division 108 – Scotland
Division 29 – Ireland

Countries around the world have each been given a division code to identify the geographic location of the radio operator.  Division codes are integrated into a radio operators call sign to denote which country they are calling from.

Below is a breakdown of the division codes by country followed by country by code.

It is worth having a basic understanding of some of the division codes so I have compiled a complete list of all codes in a chart in this post as well as making it available to you as a download so you can keep it by your radio for easy reference.

11m Division Codes to Countries

 

1    Italy 118    The Gambia 235    Itu Geneva
2   USA 119    Maderia Island 236    Bangladesh
3    Brazil 120    Antigua & Barbuda I 237    Union Of Myanmar
4    Argentina 121    The Bahamas 238    Cambodia
5    Venezuela 122    Barbados Island 239    Laos
6    Columbia 123    Bermuda Island 240    Macao
7    Netherlands 124    New Amsterdam 241    Spratly Islands
8    Peru 125    Cayman Islands 242    Vietnam
9    Canada 126    Nicaragua 243    Agalega
10    Mexico 127    Virgin Islands 244    Annoban Island
11    Puerto Rico 128    British Virgin Islands 245    Niger Republic
12    Uruguay 129    Macquarie Islands 246    Sao Tomes
13    Germany 130    Norfolk Island 247    Navassa Island
14    France 131    Guyana 248    Turks
15    Switzerland 132    Marshall Islands 249    Northern Cook Is
16    Belgium 133    North Marianas Is 250    Southern Cook Is
17    Hawaiian Islands 134    Republic Of Belau 251    Albania
18    Greece 135    Solomon Islands 252    Revillagigedo Is
19    Netherlands 136    Martinique Island 253    Andaman
20    Norway 137    Isle Of Man 254    Mount Athos
21    Sweden 138    Vatican City State 255    Kerguelan Islands
22    French Guyana 139    Southern Yemen 256    Prince Edward
23    Jamaica 140    Antartica 257    Rodriguez Island
24    Panama 141    St. Pierre Is 258    Tristan Da Cunha
25    Japan 142    Lesotho 259    Tromelin Island
26    England 143    St. Lucia Island 260    Baker & Howland Is
27    Iceland 144    Easter Island 261    Chatham Islands
28    Honduras 145    Galapagos Island 262    Johnston Island
29    Ireland 146    Algeria 263    Kermadee Islands
30    Spain 147    Tunisia 264    Kingman Reef
31    Portugal 148    Ascension Island 265    Central Kiribati
32    Chile 149    Laccadive Islands 266    Eastern Kiribati
33    Alaska 150    Barain 267    Kure Islands
34    Canary Islands 151    Iraq 268    Lord Howe Island
35    Austria 152    Maldive Islands 269    Mellish Reef
36    San Marino 153    Thailand 270    Minami Torishima Is
37    Dominican Rep 154    Iran 271    Republic Of Nauru
38    Greenland 155    Taiwan 272    Nive Island
39    Angola 156    Cameroon 273    Jarvis & Pds
40    Liechtenstien 157    Montserrat Island 274    Pitcairn Island
41    New Zealand 158    Trinidad & Tobago Is 275    Tokelau Islands
42    Liberia 159    Somalt Republic 276    Tuvalu Islands
43    Australia 160    Sudan 277    Sable Island
44    South Africa 161    Poland 278    Wake Island
45    Yugoslavia 162    Republic Of Zaire 279    Willis Islets
46    East Germany 163    Wales 280    Aves Island
47    Denmark 164    Togo Republic 281    Ogasawara Islands
48    Saudia Arabia 165    Sardinia Island 282    Auckland & Campbell Isl.
49    Balearic Islands 166    Sint Maarten, Saba, 283    St. Kitts & Nevis Is
50    European Russia 167    Jersey Island 284    St. Paul Island
51    Andorra 168    Mauritis Islands 285    Fernando De
52    Faroer Islands 169    Guernsey Island 286    Juan Fernandez Is
53    El Salvador 170    Burkina Faso 287    Malpelo Island Hk0
54    Luxembourg 171    Svalbard Islands 288    San Felix
55    Gibraltar 172    New Caledonia 289    South Georgia Is
56    Finland 173    Reunion Island 290    Trindade
57    India 174    Uganda 291    Dhekelia & Akrotiri
58    East Malasysia 175    Chad Republic 292    Abu-Ail
59    Dode Canese 176    Central African Rep 293    Guinea Bissau
60    Hong Kong 177    Sri Lanka 294    Peter 1’st Island
61    Equador 178    Bulgaria 295    Southern Sudan
62    Guam Island 179    Czechoslovakia 296    Clipperton Island
63    St. Helena Island 180    Oman 297    Bouvet Island
64    Senegal Republic 181    Syria 298    Crozet Islands
65    Sierra Leone 182    Republic Of Guinea 299    Deseecheo Island
66    Mauritania 183    Benin 300    Western Sahara
67    Paraguay 184    Burundi 301    Armenia
68    Northern Ireland 185    Comoros Islands 302    Asiatic Russia
69    Costa Rica 186    Dijibouti 303    Azerbaijan
70    American Samoa Is 187    Kenya 304    Estonia
71    Midway Islands 188    Malagasy Republic 305    Franz Josef Land
72    Guatemala 189    Mayotte Island 306    Georgia
73    Suriname 190    Seychelles Islands 307    Kaliningradsk
74    Namibia 191    Swaziland 308    Kazakh
75    Azores Islands 192    Cocos Island 309    Kirghiz
76    Morocco 193    Cocos-Keeling Is 310    Latvia
77    Ghana 194    Dominica Island 311    Lithuania
78    Zambia 195    Grenada Island 312    Moldavia
79    Philippene 196    Guadalupe Island 313    Tadzhik
80    Bolivia 197    Vanuata 314    Turkoman
81    San Andres 198    Falkland Islands 315    Ukraine
82    Guantanamo 199    Equatorial Guinea 316    Uzbek
83    Tanzania 200    South Shetland Island 317    White Russia
84    Ivory Coast 201    French Polynesia 318   Malta
85    Zimbabwe 202    Bhutan 319    United Nations
86    Nepal 203    China 320    Banaba Island
87    Yemen 204    Mozambique 321    Conway Reef
88    Cuba 205    Cape Verde Islands 322    Walvis Bay
89    Nigeria 206    Ethiopia 323    Yemen Republic
90    Crete Island 207    St. Martin Island 324    Penguin Islands
91    Indonesia 208    Glorieuses Islands 325    Rotuna Island
92    Libya 209    Juan De Nova 326    Malyj Vysotskj Is
93    Malta 210    Wallis & Futuna Is 327    Slovenia
94    U A E 211    Jan Mayen Island 328    Croatia
95    Mongolia 212    Aland Island 329    Czech Republic
96    Tonga Islands 213    Market Reef 330    Slovak Republic
97    Israel 214    Congo Republic 331    Bosnia
98    Singapore 215    Gabon Republic 332    Macedonia
99    Fiji Islands 216    Mali Republic 333    Eritrea
100    Korea 217     Christmas Island 334    North Korea
101    Papau-New G 218    Belize 335    Scarborough Reef
102    Kuwait 219    Anguilla Island 336    Pratos Island
103    Haiti 220    St. Vincent Island 337    Austral Islands
104    Corsica 221    South Orkney 338    Marquesas Islands
105    Botswana 222    South Sandwich Is 339    Temotu
106    Ceuta & Melilla 223    Western Samoa Is 340    Palestina
107    Monaco 224    Western Kiribati 341    East Timor
108    Scotland 225    Brunei 342    Chesterfields Is
109    Hungary 226    Malawi 343    Ducie Island
110    Cypra 227    Rwanda 344   Montenegro
111    Jordan 228    Chagos 345    Swains Island
112    Lebanon 229    Heard Island Vk0h 346    St.Barthelemy Is.
113    West Malaysia 230    Micronesia 347    Curacao
114    Pakistan 231    St. Peter 348    St.Maartin
115    Qatar 232    Aruba 349    Saba
116    Turkey 233    Romania 350    Bonaire
117    Eygpt 234    Afghanistan 351    South Sudan

 

11m Country to Division

 

Abu-Ail 292   Gibraltar 55   Peter 1’st Island 294
  Afghanistan 234   Glorieuses Islands 208   Philippene Islands 79
  Agalega   Is 243   Greece 18   Pitcairn Island 274
  Aland Island 212   Greenland 38   Poland 161
  Alaska 33   Grenada Island 195   Portugal 31
  Albania 251   Guadalupe Island 196   Pratos Island 336
  Algeria 146   Guam Island 62   Prince Edward Is 256
  American Samoa Is 70   Guantanamo Bay 82   Puerto Rico 11
  Andaman  Is 253   Guatemala 72   Qatar 115
  Andorra 51   Guernsey Island 169   Republic Of Belau 134
  Angola 39   Guinea Bissau 293   Republic Of Guinea 182
  Anguilla Island 219   Guyana 131   Montenegro 344
  Annoban Island 244   Haiti 103   Republic Of Nauru 271
  Antartica 140   Hawaiian Islands 17   Republic Of Zaire 162
  Antigua 120   Heard Island Vk0h 229   Reunion Island 173
  Argentina 4   Honduras 28   Revillagigedo Islands 252
  Armenia 301   Hong Kong 60   Rodriguez Island 257
  Aruba 232   Hungary 109   Romania 233
  Ascension Island 148   Iceland 27   Rotuna Island 325
  Asiatic Russia 302   India 57   Rwanda 227
  Auckland 282   Indonesia 91   Saba 349
  Austral Islands 337   Iran 154   Sable Island 277
  Australia 43   Iraq 151   San Andres 81
  Austria 35   Ireland 29   San Felix 288
  Aves Island 280   Isle Of Man 137   San Marino 36
  Azerbaijan 303   Israel 97   Sao Tomes 246
  Azores Islands 75   Italy 1   Sardinia Island 165
  Baker 260   Itu Geneva 235   Saudia Arabia 48
  Balearic & Howard 49   Ivory Coast 84   Scarborough Reef 335
  Banaba Island 320   Jamaica 23   Scotland 108
  Bangladesh 236   Jan Mayen Island 211   Senegal Republic 64
  Barain 150   Japan 25   Seychelles Islands 190
  Barbados Island 122   Jarvis & Pds 273   Sierra Leone 65
  Belgium 16   Jersey Island 167   Singapore 98
  Belize 218   Johnston Island 262   Sint Maarten 166
  Benin 183   Jordan 111   Slovak Republic 330
  Bermuda Island 123   Juan De Nova 209   Slovenia 327
  Bhutan 202   Juan Fernandez 286   Solomon Islands 135
  Bolivia 80   Kaliningradsk 307   Somalt Republic 159
  Bonaire 350   Kampuchea 238   South Africa 44
  Bosnia 331   Kazakh 308   South Georgia Islands 289
  Botswana 105   Kenya 187   South Orkney 221
  Bouvet Island 297   Kerguelan Islands 255   Sandwich Islands 222
  Brazil 3   Kermadee Islands 263   Shetland Island 200
  British Virgin Is 128   Kingman Reef 264   South Sudan 351
  Brunei 225   Kirghiz 309   Southern Cook Is 250
  Bulgaria 178   Korea 100   Southern Sudan 295
  Burkina Faso 170   Kure Islands 267   Southern Yemen 139
  Burundi 184   Kuwait 102   Malta 318
  Cameroon 156   Laccadive Islands 149   Spain 30
  Canada 9   Laos 239   Spratly Islands 241
  Canary Islands 34   Latvia 310   Sri Lanka 177
  Cape Verde Islands 205   Lebanon 112   St. Barthelemy Is. 346
  Cayman Islands 125   Lesotho 142   St. Helena Island 63
  Central African Rep 176   Liberia 42   St. Kitts & Nevis Is 283
  Central Kiribati 265   Libya 92   St. Lucia Island 143
  Ceuta & Melilla 106   Liechtenstien 40   St. Maartin 348
  Chad Republic 175   Lithuania 311   St. Martin Island 207
  Chagos 228   Lord Howe Island 268   St. Paul Island 284
  Chatham Islands 261   Luxembourg 54   St. Peter Is 231
  Chesterfields Is 342   Macao 240   St. Pierre Is 141
  Chile 32   Macedonia 332   St. Vincent Island 220
  China 203   Macquarie Islands 129   Sudan 160
  Christmas Island 217   Maderia Island 119   Suriname 73
  Clipperton Island 296   Malagasy Republic 188   Svalbard Islands 171
  Cocos Island 192   Malawi 226   Swains Island 345
  Cocos-Keeling Is 193   Maldive Islands 152   Swaziland 191
  Columbia 6   Mali Republic 216   Sweden 21
  Comoros Islands 185   Malpelo Island Hk0 287   Switzerland 15
  Congo Republic 214   Malta 93   Syria 181
  Conway Reef 321   Malyj Vysotskj Island 326   Tadzhik 313
  Corsica 104   Market Reef 213   Taiwan 155
  Costa Rica 69   Marquesas Islands 338   Tanzania 83
  Crete Island 90   Marshall Islands 132   Temotu 339
  Croatia 328   Martinique Island 136   Thailand 153
  Crozet Islands 298   Mauritania 66   The Bahamas 121
  Cuba 88   Mauritis Islands 168   The Gambia 118
  Curacao 347   Mayotte Island 189   Togo Republic 164
  Cyprus 110   Mellish Reef 269   Tokelau Islands 275
  Czech Republic 329   Mexico 10   Tonga Islands 96
  Czechoslovakia 179   Micronesia 230   Trindade 290
  Denmark 47   Midway Islands 71   Trinidad & Tobago 158
  Deseecheo Island 299   Minami Torishima 270   Tristan Da Cunha 258
  Dhekelia & Akrotiri 291   Moldavia 312   Tromelin Island 259
  Dijibouti 186   Monaco 107   Tunisia 147
  Dode Canese 59   Mongolia 95   Turkey 116
  Dominica Island 194   Montserrat Island 157   Turkoman 314
  Dominican Republic 37   Morocco 76   Caicos Islands 248
  Ducie Island 343   Mount Athos 254   Tuvalu Islands 276
  East Germany 46   Mozambique 204   Uganda 174
  East Malasysia 58   Namibia 74   Ukraine 315
  East Timor 341   Navassa Island 247    Myanmar 237
  Easter Island 144   Nepal 86   UAE 94
  Eastern Kiribati 266   Netherlands 7   New York 319
  El Salvador 53   Netherlands 19   USA 2
  England 26   New Amsterdam 124   Uruguay 12
  Equador 61   New Caledonia 172   Uzbek 316
  Equatorial Guinea 199   New Zealand 41   Vanuata 197
  Eritrea 333   Nicaragua 126   Vatican City State 138
  Estonia 304   Niger Republic 245   Venezuela 5
  Ethiopia 206   Nigeria 89   Vietnam 242
  European Russia 50   Nive Island 272   Virgin Islands 127
  Eygpt 117   Norfolk Island 130   Wake Island 278
  Falkland Islands 198   North Korea 334   Wales 163
  Faroer Islands 52   North Marianas Is 133   Wallis & Futuna Is 210
  Fernando De Noro 285   Northern Cook Islands 249   Walvis Bay 322
  Fiji Islands 99   Northern Ireland 68   West Malaysia 113
  Finland 56   Norway 20   Western Kiribati 224
  France 14   Ogasawara Islands 281   Western Sahara 300
  Franz Josef Land 305   Oman 180   Western Samoa Is 223
  French Guyana 22   Pakistan 114   White Russia 317
  French Polynesia 201   Palestina 340   Willis Islets 279
  Gabon Republic 215   Panama 24   Yemen Republic 323
  Galapagos Island 145   Papau-New Guinea 101   Yemen 87
  Georgia 306   Paraguay 67   Yugoslavia 45
  Germany 13   Penguin Islands 324   Zambia 78
  Ghana 77   Peru 8   Zimbabwe 85

It may be useful to keep a copy these codes by your radio so that you can refer to it when  necessary. – DOWNLOAD FILE

 

CB Radio Division Codes

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CB Radio Nets

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The common trend of thought is that CB Radio is dead.  Most people accept that since nowadays we have mobile phones, PCs and all other types of digital devices there is no longer a need to communicate with others over the radio.

Even people who still own a CB Radio complain that there is no one else out there and there’s no point in putting a call out anymore or even turning the CB Radio on these days but the real truth is that over the last few years more and more people are returning to CB radio as a hobby and in fact in most parts of the Country there is usually an organised net taking place on one night or other of the week and a lot of these nets are very popular especially in the summer.

The chances are that there is a CB Radio net in your local area at least one night of the week and if you had your rig switch on at the right time and tuned to the correct frequency you might start picking up the odd signal.

To stand the best chance of getting good signals is to drive out to some height ground in the right area and the specified day and time and sit on the channel.  If you hear nothing you should try putting the odd call out and if nothing still comes back then try a few of the adjacent channels to see if they have needed to move off of the planned frequency.

So in order to get the best from your CB Radio it pays to know when these nets are taking place and the best way to find out is by looking on the internet.  Most radio clubs will promote their own nets and you would be able to find still more info on lots of Facebook Groups as well as mentions on various YouTube videos.

Someone was kind enough to create a google map which lists a full directory of different nets taking place each week.  These are constantly being added to as the list continues to grow

Here is the Google Maps link

In face, heading out to the countryside on a summers Sunday afternoon is an especially enjoyable way to spend your time and either driving up to a well known high point or a quick ramble through the hillside with the appropriate kit and setting up a portable station for a few hours is really great fun especially if you get a load of calls in your log book on the day.

This tends to be how a lot of folk enjoy their radios and it is the obvious benefits of enjoying te radio that is bringing more and more people back to it as a hobby even in 2018

Here is a list of the Nets listed on the Google Map by Day of the Week

DAILY

The Herts Beds & Bucks Net
Daily 16:00 – 16:45 hours
27.305 usb

The Solent Radio Club Net
Daily Ch38 UKFM 27.97125

The Kilkenny Net
Occasional days 21:30 – 23:00
27.535 usb

The Glasgow Net
Most Days from 18:00 hours
27.255 usb/fm and PMR446 Ch8

The Whiskey Echo Net
Most days on Ch22 UKFM 27.81125 and PMR446 Ch8

Mr Moonraker’s Net
Daily from 10:00 hours
Ch25 UKFM 27.84125

The Leyland Net
Most days
from 21:00 hours.
Ch21 UKFM 27.80125

Lincolnshire Net
Daily from 20:00 hours
Ch38 UKFM 27.97125

The Durham Net
Every Day on channel 37UKFM 27.96125

The Northern Ireland Net
Daily 07:00 – 08:00 hours
17:00 hours until late
27.305 USB

SATURDAY

The Gloucester Net
Saturday 19:30 – 21:00
38UKFM 27.97125

The South Wales/West/West Mid Net
Saturdays 21:00 -23:00 hours
ch30 UKFM 27.89125

The Corby Net
Every Saturday 16:00 – 20:00 hours
27.365 USB

SUNDAYS

South East Net
Sundays 27.355 usb from 20:00 hours

The Delta Romeo Net
Sundays (11:00 – 12:00 hours)
27.365 FM
then USB (12:00 -14:00 hours)

Sid’s Sunday DX
Sundays 14:00 – 16:00 hours
Ch 34 UKFM 27.93125
(Also PMR446 Ch8 in the summer)

Munich Sunday Morning Net
Every Sunday from 09:00 UTC
27.365 usb

MONDAYS

South East Net
Monday from 20:00 hours
PMR446 Ch8 446.09375

Tango Delta Net
Mondays 19:30 – 21:00 hours
27.395 USB

WEDNESDAYS

The Northumberland Net
Wednesdays 18:00 – 20:00
27.285 USB

The Chesterfield Radio Net
Wednesday Night 21:00 hours
Ch13 446.15625 PMR

The North East Net
Every Wednesday 19:30 – 21:00
27.375 USB

The North West Net
First & Last Wednesday each month
19:00 – 21:00 hours
27.125 USB

The Midweek DX CB Net (Southern)
Wednesdays from 19:00 hours
Ch28 UKFM 27.87125

The Eastern Counties Midweek Net
Every Wednesday 18.30 – 20.30
27.345 USB

The Homesteaders Net
Wednesdays 13:30 – 16:00 hours
Ch 27 UKFM 27.86125

The Durham Net
Wednesdays 19:30 – 21:00
27.405 USB Every Day on channel 37UKFM 27.96125

The Big Bridge Net
Wednesdays
27.405 USB

The Glasgow & District Midweek Net 
Every Wednesday 20:00 – 22:00
Ch14 UKFM (27.73125)

THURSDAYS

South East Net
Thursdays from 20:00 hours
39UKFM 27.98125

The Southern Net
Thursdays from 20:00 hours
Ch39 UKFM 27.98125
then from 21:00 hours
27.395 usb

 The East Midlands Net
Every Thursday from 19:00 hours
27.255 USB

FRIDAYS

The Chesterfield Radio Net
Friday Night 20:00 hours
Ch32 UKFM 27.91125

Andy’s Net 26CT30
Every Friday 19:00 – 22:00 hours
Ch32 UKFM 27.91125

The Clyde Valley Net
Every Friday 19:00 – 21:00
27.405 USB

CB Radio Nets

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Portable CB Radio

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One of the best ways to use a CB Radio is to venture out into the countryside, head up a hillside and run your CB Radio from there.  The benefit of this is that you will be out in wide open space at a good height and this vastly improves your range especially if you normally run your CB Radio from a built up area.

Usually the easy round this problem is to run your CB Radio mobile and drive up to a better location but the other option is to run your CB Radio completely portable with a battery and take down antenna.

In order to run your CB Radio portable you will need to have a long hard think about exactly what equipment you are going to need to take with you.  Often this will need to include some form of shelter to keep you and your equipment out of any bad weather, your aerial and whatever equipment you might need to erect it, how you intend to power your CB Radio usually some kind of battery or collection of batteries and of course the CB Radio itself.

In most cases you will be driving to your chosen location and then walk the final distance, usually up a steep incline and will typically be away from your car for several hours.  This will mean that you will also need to bring any food or drinks you will need while out with you.

By the time you account for all of the equipment you will need along with all of the other items you will need you’ll quickly realise that the bulk and weight of this type of equipment creates a series of challenges when wanting to carry a backpack up to an appropriate vantage point for an afternoon.

Here are some useful ideas if you are planning to run a CB Radio portable in the future

The CB Radio

CB Radios come in all sorts of shapes and sizes as well as weight so if planning to head out for a CB Radio activation you might want to consider what type of radio would suit you best.  Fortunately, there are a good range of small, lightweight rigs out there as well as handheld type CB Radios can can be very useful when looking to work portable.

Aerial

A standard home base aerial would be far too cumbersome to pack down and carry to a remote site and most mobile aerials won’t work without a good ground plane so  for most people who do run portable activations there are a number of useful take down antennas that can be used.  The most common of these are the T2LT or Bazooka antenna.  Both of these can be packed down to take up hardly any space and weigh very little making them ideal for portable activations.

Both of these antennas can be purchased relatively easily on Ebay but are also fairly easy to build from a length of coaxial cable so makes for a great DIY antenna project.

For more information about building a T2LT please review ‘this video’

Aerial Mast

To be able properly erect your antenna you will need a way to hold the antenna vertically in the air.  One of the easiest ways to do this by using a fibreglass fishing pole often known as a ‘Roach Pole’.  These lightweight fishing poles come in a variety of lengths  and breakdown to fit inside themselves to leave you  with something about the length of a walking staff which makes them relatively easy to carry (and also comes in useful as a walking staff!)

Battery

Until relatively recently, one of the biggest challenges when planning a portable CB Radio activation was the best way to power the CB Radio since the ideal batteries are normally equivalent to a car battery or golf cart battery.  The obvious problem is the general size and weight of these batteries.  There have though been those strong and fit enough to carry a full size car battery up a hill to power their radio equipment.

In more recent years, there has been a flurry of power packs or ‘car jumpers’ that can be charged up and are powerful enough, (not just to start a car) to power a CB Radio for several hours before needing to be recharged.

These new types of power packs are light enough and small enough to fit in the palm of your hand so are the ideal weight and size to take out on a portable CB Radio activation

Shelter

Even in the middle of a British summer there is always risk of a downpour or high winds and the chances are that the weather will likely change when you are as far away from your vehicle or any form of natural cover so having some kind of makeshift shelter is essential to every portable CB Radio activation, even if the sun is high in the sky and there’s not a cloud in the sky when you set off.

Since it can be packed down pretty small and weighs virtually nothing an army style Basha or tarpaulin can be erected easily into a number of different configurations for a variety of different weather.

Cooking/Drinking

If you’re anything like me it doesn’t take long when being out and about before I start craving a nice cup of tea.  It need be no more than a flask of your preferred hot drink tucked away in your ruck sack but for some a proper cook set and camp stove are essential to keeping themselves properly  fuelled both in drinks and for food particularly when out for most of the day or out on an ‘overnighter’

 


Portable CB Radio

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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How to send a Radio Report on CB Radio

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An important part of most QSOs is knowing how well you are being received and often the best way to do this is to ask for a radio report from another station.

The standard signal reporting method for amateur radio is the RST (Readability-Signal Strength-Tone) system.  The best signal report for CW (morse code) operation is RST 599. With voice, we don’t use the reading for Tone and just give a RS report, a perfect signal on voice is RS 59 or just “five nine.” You’ll typically hear something like : “your signal report is five nine in North London.”

If you are good copy, you will usually get a “Five” for Readability. The Signal Strength is usually what the operator is reading on the Signal Meter of his receiver. Of course, with both CW and SSB, the S-Meter will be bouncing around a bit, so some interpretation is required.

More importantly, there is considerable variation in S-Meter calibration, so signal reports can vary from radio to radio. (S9 is commonly defined as 50 µV at the receiver input, with each S unit representing a 6 dB change in signal strength.) A 55 or 57 report indicates that the signal is very readable but the signal strength is not as strong as a 59 signal.

Most Signal Meters show an extended scale above S9 that is listed in terms of decibels. The scale may be marked with +10 dB, +20 dB, etc. indicating that the signal strength is that much stronger than S9. You’ll hear radio amateurs say something like “you are 5 9 plus 20 dB.” Or they may just say “you are 20 dB over.”

It is common for DX and contest stations to give out “rubber stamp” signal reports. Basically, they are trying to work as many stations as fast as possible and don’t want to be bothered with accurate signal reports, so everyone gets a 59 or 599 report.

You will also hear the classic Five Nine signal report on FM, which is basically saying “excellent signal.” While S Meters are often inconsistent on CW/SSB transceivers, they are almost universally poor on FM rigs. Most FM radios just give you an unlabeled bar graph that is only a relative indicator of signal strength. Usually, these are not labeled in terms of S units.

Readability
1 – Unreadable
2 – Barely readable, occasional words distinguishable.
3 – Readable with considerable difficulty.
4 – Readable with practically no difficulty.
5 – Perfectly readable.
Signal Strength
1- Faint signals, barely perceptible.
2- Very weak signals.
3- Weak signals.
4- Fair signals.
5- Fairly good signals.
6- Good signals.
7- Moderately strong signals.
8- Strong signals.
9- Extremely strong signals.
Tone
1- Sixty cycle a.c or less, very rough and broad.
2- Very rough a.c., very harsh and broad.
3- Rough a.c. tone, rectified but not filtered.
4- Rough note, some trace of filtering.
5- Filtered rectified a.c. but strongly ripple-modulated.
6- Filtered tone, definite trace of ripple modulation.
7- Near pure tone, trace of ripple modulation.
8- Near perfect tone, slight trace of modulation.
9- Perfect tone, no trace of ripple or modulation of any kind.
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How to get a Call Sign

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For certain bands you must complete a series of exams to qualify to operate legally and obtain a specific call sign but this isn’t the case for the 11M Band using Single Side Band.
It is possible to obtain a vanity call sign from the ARRL or FFC if there is a specific call sign you would like to obtain.  A Vanity call sign is a special Amateur Radio call sign specifically chosen by a person or club who is currently an Amateur Radio licensee (similar in purpose to Vanity license plates on cars).
Vanity call signs usually include alphabetical characters of personal significance (e.g., licensees initials, parts of names, hobbies, etc), or sometimes are simply chosen because they are shorter calls, or sometimes they have double or triple duplicate characters (e.g., W1WWW).
There are however a number of 11M DX Clubs who are happy to issue a call sign to a new member.  Joining a club is a great way to meet others with the same interest and many clubs have some kind of forum or Facebook group etc whee you can share ideas and stories with other members of the club.
I jinxed the Charlie Tango DX Group based in the UK around a year ago and was immediately impressed by the warm welcome I received.  I asked a few questions about getting set up and asking for information about buying an aerial and a few of the members were only too happy to help.
The Charlie Tango group also run a weekly net which attracts hundreds of members to get together on the airwaves from up and down the country.  There are those within the club who go out most weekends to do extreme activations from hard to reach places up in the hills or other sites where good signals are expected.
There are also a number of other DX Groups who would be happy to issue with your own call sign and although I have no experience of them, a simple search of DX Groups in google gave me the list below of clubs that are always looking for new members.
 
Charlie Tango Group –           http://www.charlietango.co.uk/
Uniform Kilo Group –            http://www.uniformkilogroup.uk
 
Foxtrot Bravo Group –           http://www.freebanding.co.uk/
Oscar Kilo Group –                http://www.okdxgroup.co.uk/okdx.htm
Sierra Fox Group –                 http://sierrafox2.tripod.com/
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Good Practices When Calling CQ on the Calling Channels

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It is not good practice to maintain a QSO on a calling frequency even though propagation may appear poor, it may not be poor for radio users in other parts of the world.

After you make a general call on a calling frequency it would be considered best to QSY to another frequency then put out another general call on your selected frequency to get responses from anyone who may have copied your original call on the calling channel.

If you standby for responses on the calling channel you are creating additional QRM for other radio users on the calling frequency which is often all ready busy with other general calls from other radio users.

You should also avoid using radio frequencies which are close to a calling frequency.  For example, if you QSY from 27.555 to 27.560 or 27.565 and your signal is 9+ to other stations in Europe you may well be creating interference on the calling frequency when you transmit on adjacent frequencies.

If someone is making a specific CQ Call such as CQ Germany, CQ USA or CQ DX you should only answer a call of that type if you are in the area being targeted.  You shouldn’t really respond if you are not in the targeted area since this was the type of response being requested.

Some radio operators may not understand the real meaning of DX. In Europe, for example we can consider stations in other continents such as South America or Russia as a DX but would also include countries which are generally harder to reach or are not often on air.

 

Good Practices When Working Activations

Remember to write down the QSL info before calling or make sure you listen for it afterwards.  Alternatively you may be able to look it up on the Internet. Its better not to ask for the QSL info on frequency if there are many callers for that activity.

If there are a lot of  callers, always call by using your unit number only. If there are no other callers then it is  enough to call by stating your callsign, the DX knows his own callsign so there is no need to say that before giving your own call.

Remember to ask for a signal report as part of the QSO.  This helps both you and the operator to understand the quality and power being received by the other operator

 


Good Practices when calling CQ

 

 

 

 

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How To Call CQ

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The Q codes are widely used on SSB radio as well on many other bands and are used specifically when giving instructions on the radio.

Calling ‘CQ‘ is the understood way to say ‘I am calling any station‘ on a frequency.

CQ DX

Probably the most commonly heard is  ‘CQ DX’ meaning calling any long distance station.
There are some variations such as ‘CQ 11 Metres’ or ‘CQ Any US stations’ where one is saying anyone me in the 11Metre band and the other any US Stations.

Division Codes

You may add division codes. For example ‘any division 26 (Two Six) stations’ meaning any U.K. stations.
You would normally include your call sign as part of the CQ call so people will know who to respond to
For example ‘This is Two Six Charlie Tango One Nine Nine Four calling CQ and standing by’
You would then wait to hear a response such as Charlie Tango station…. or Someone may announce their call sign when responding ‘this is Alpha Papa Two zero calling Charlie Tango One Nine nine four‘.
You then will have made a contact.

QSY

You will usually then be asked or should suggest moving off of the calling channel. You would ask your contact to QSY to another frequency.
‘ Charlie Tango Station please QSY to 27.585’
You would then move to the suggested frequency and wait to be called.
‘Alpha Papa Two Zero calling Charlie Tango one nine nine four’ and the contact can continue on the new frequency.

QSO LOG

To qualify as a true QSO a number of pieces of information need to be understood by both operators. This is especially important in DX conpitions.

A QSO normally consists of:-

  • Operator Call sign
  • Operator Personal
  • Operator QTH
  • Signal Report
If recording this in a log book you would also record the date time and frequency the contact was made
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What are the CB Radio Frequencies?

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Since the early American rigs began finding there way to these shores, the demand for Citizen Band radio was met by a number of changes in legislation.  It is no longer necessary to hold a licence to operate a CB Radio and over the years additional modes have been added.

The following charts display the relevant frequencies for each of these modes and are also available to download on he link at the bottom of this post.

November 1981

The UK channels that were legalised on 2 November 1981 were on two blocks of frequencies: 40 channels on the 27 MHz band and 20 channels on the 934 MHz band, both of which used FM (frequency modulation) and both unique to the UK. The 27 MHz band frequency allocation and related information is shown here

Channel
Frequency Channel Frequency Channel Frequency Channel Frequency
1 27.60125 MHz 11 27.70125 MHz 21 27.80125 MHz 31 27.90125 MHz
2 27.61125 MHz 12 27.71125 MHz 22 27.81125 MHz 32 27.91125 MHz
3 27.62125 MHz 13 27.72125 MHz 23 27.82125 MHz 33 27.92125 MHz
4 27.63125 MHz 14 27.73125 MHz 24 27.83125 MHz 34 27.93125 MHz
5 27.64125 MHz 15 27.74125 MHz 25 27.84125 MHz 35 27.94125 MHz
6 27.65125 MHz 16 27.75125 MHz 26 27.85125 MHz 36 27.95125 MHz
7 27.66125 MHz 17 27.76125 MHz 27 27.86125 MHz 37 27.96125 MHz
8 27.67125 MHz 18 27.77125 MHz 28 27.87125 MHz 38 27.97125 MHz
9 27.68125 MHz 19 27.78125 MHz 29 27.88125 MHz 39 27.98125 MHz
10 27.69125 MHz 20 27.79125 MHz 30 27.89125 MHz 40 27.99125 MHz
 

September 1997

The CEPT band arrived in September 1997, giving us 40 more channels – the original US FCC AM “mids” frequencies, now designated EU1 to EU40 with the new 4W FM European standard (paging systems there previously were given until 1996 to move down slightly to 26MHz or change to a new band at 49MHz). New CB sets were to be marked “PR 27 GB” to a new MPT 1333 specification (based upon the CEPT technical spec ETS 300 135), and the licence fee went up to £12. Some antenna restrictions were also lifted, as full size aerials were now allowed.

Channel Frequency Channel Frequency Channel Frequency Channel Frequency
1 26.965 MHz 11 27.085 MHz 21 27.215 MHz 31 27.315 MHz
2 26.975 MHz 12 27.105 MHz 22 27.225 MHz 32 27.325 MHz
3 26.985 MHz 13 27.115 MHz 23 27.255 MHz 33 27.335 MHz
4 27.005 MHz 14 27.125 MHz 24 27.235 MHz 34 27.345 MHz
5 27.015 MHz 15 27.135 MHz 25 27.245 MHz 35 27.355 MHz
6 27.025 MHz 16 27.155 MHz 26 27.265 MHz 36 27.365 MHz
7 27.035 MHz 17 27.165 MHz 27 27.275 MHz 37 27.375 MHz
8 27.055 MHz 18 27.175 MHz 28 27.285 MHz 38 27.385 MHz
9 27.065 MHz 19 27.185 MHz 29 27.295 MHz 39 27.395 MHz
10 27.075 MHz 20 27.205 MHz 30 27.305 MHz 40 27.405 MHz

Alinco CB Radio

June 2014

On 27th June 2014, the AM and SSB was made legal to use (using approved equipment) on the European band.  This also allowed for additional permitted power in SSB mode of up to 12 Watts.

    Band A    Band B    Band C  
Ch. ÷N TX VCO TX VCO TX VCO
No. Code Freq. Freq. Freq. Freq. Freq. Freq.
1 91 25.615 14.92 26.065 15.37 26.515 15.82
2 92 25.625 14.93 26.075 15.38 26.525 15.83
3 93 25.635 14.94 26.085 15.39 26.535 15.84
4 95 25.655 14.96 26.105 15.41 26.555 15.86
5 96 25.665 14.97 26.115 15.42 26.565 15.87
6 97 25.675 14.98 26.125 15.43 26.575 15.88
7 98 25.685 14.99 26.135 15.44 26.585 15.89
8 100 25.705 15.01 26.155 15.46 26.605 15.91
9 101 25.715 15.02 26.165 15.47 26.615 15.92
10 102 25.725 15.03 26.175 15.48 26.625 15.93
11 103 25.735 15.04 26.185 15.49 26.635 15.94
12 105 25.755 15.06 26.205 15.51 26.655 15.96
13 106 25.765 15.07 26.215 15.52 26.665 15.97
14 107 25.775 15.08 26.225 15.53 26.675 15.98
15 108 25.785 15.09 26.235 15.54 26.685 15.99
16 110 25.805 15.11 26.255 15.56 26.705 16.01
17 111 25.815 15.12 26.265 15.57 26.715 16.02
18 112 25.825 15.13 26.275 15.58 26.725 16.03
19 113 25.835 15.14 26.285 15.59 26.735 16.04
20 115 25.855 15.16 26.305 15.61 26.755 16.06
21 116 25.865 15.17 26.315 15.62 26.765 16.07
22 117 25.875 15.18 26.325 15.63 26.775 16.08
23 120 25.905 15.21 26.355 15.66 26.805 16.11
24 118 25.885 15.19 26.335 15.64 26.785 16.09
25 119 25.895 15.2 26.345 15.65 26.795 16.1
26 121 25.915 15.22 26.365 15.67 26.815 16.12
27 122 25.925 15.23 26.375 15.68 26.825 16.13
28 123 25.935 15.24 26.385 15.69 26.835 16.14
29 124 25.945 15.25 26.395 15.7 26.845 16.15
30 125 25.955 15.26 26.405 15.71 26.855 16.16
31 126 25.965 15.27 26.415 15.72 26.865 16.17
32 127 25.975 15.28 26.425 15.73 26.875 16.18
33 128 25.985 15.29 26.435 15.74 26.885 16.19
34 129 25.995 15.3 26.445 15.75 26.895 16.2
35 130 26.005 15.31 26.455 15.76 26.905 16.21
36 131 26.015 15.32 26.465 15.77 26.915 16.22
37 132 26.025 15.33 26.475 15.78 26.925 16.23
38 133 26.035 15.34 26.485 15.79 26.935 16.24
39 134 26.045 15.35 26.495 15.8 26.945 16.25
40 135 26.055 15.36 26.505 15.81 26.955

It may be useful to keep a copy these frequencies by your radio so that you can refer to it when  necessary. – DOWNLOAD FILE

 


CB Radio Frequencies

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CB Radio on YouTube

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This is a post that I have really looking forward to doing as it was the guys on YouTube who reignited my interest in CB Radio and share their own experiences and adventures with CB Radio nowadays.

I’ve been fortunate to have been able to talk to a number of them both on the Radio itself when out at one of the ‘Nets’ or online either on Facebook or on YouTube itself.  Its thanks to the guys who post their videos on YouTube  that I got back into the hobby again and have shared my own videos on YouTube for two years now.

So here’s a list of good CB Radio YouTube Channels you might enjoy yourself!

Please understand that I’ve not listed them in any particular order so please don’t think of this as a ‘Top Ten’ with the last listed channel being my No.1.  This is just a list of channels that I’ve come across and enjoyed in the past   No doubt there are other great CB Radio YouTube channels which I’ve missed or not listed here and this is only because I’ve not come across it before.

So with that said lets take a look at the channels I’ve selected:-

Steve Stevens

https://www.youtube.com/user/CBRadiouk1

When I was first looking for CB Radio related videos in the UK it was Steve’s videos that I came across first.  He has been posting videos regularly for the last few years and also runs a daily net on SSB which I have watched grow over the years as he posts regular videos of he nets he runs whilst driving home from work each day. I’ve had the opportunity to talk with Steve online as he was really helpfukl to me when I first got into the hobby.

WOW Sly

https://www.youtube.com/user/wowsly

WOW Sly posts a mix of CB Radio and bushcraft videos which are really enjoyable.  He manages to combine his love of Bushcraft with CB Radio posting videos of his wild camps and CB Radio activations as well as various videos of both his CB Radio equipment and Bushcraft kit

V8CSW

https://www.youtube.com/user/V8CSW

This guy is another hardcore DXer who has been posting videos of his trips out to various high ground activation for the last few years.  Hes also done some great reviews of different antenna set ups and other radio equipment

 

163CTX009

https://www.youtube.com/user/testpilot22

I’ve had the pleasure of talking with this guy online as he was one of the first people to subscribe to my channel when I first started posting videos.  He attends a lot of the Sunday nets usually from on top of the British Mountain in Wales and his videos also features his little one known to us on YouTube as ‘Nine and a Half’.  They also ge up to all sorts of other adventures inducing metal detecting and magnet fishing while out and about at the weekend.

26CTX1059

https://www.youtube.com/user/26CT1059/

This guy has been posting videos of a number of the different nets that take place in his area for a couple of years now.  He also has more recently kitted out a VW Transporter which he uses to drive up to these nets and has also been sharing some of his camping adventures in the van as well as starting up a second YouTube channel all about how he fitted out his amper.

Fred in the Shed

 

 

https://www.youtube.com/user/fredintheshed1

Judging from the number of subscribers this guy has, this guy has to be one of the most popular CBers on YouTube.  Fred has been posting a variety of different types of videos for a good many years including his Retro Gaming Console Build.  Hes another guy I’ve had the privilege to speak with online and have also managed once to speak to him on the Radio when I joined Steve Stevens daily net when I was skiving off work one day.

M0ogy

 

 

https://www.youtube.com/user/m0ogy

Moogy is another well known old time CBer who has posted loads of CB Radio review videos over the years.  Although he doesn’t post that regularly he has got some great stuff on his channel and seems to really know his hobby

SimonTheWizard

https://www.youtube.com/user/simonthewizard

Simon The Wizard is another well known guy in UK CB Radio.  He does a lot of reviews of neew CB Radios pretty well as soon as they become available.  Hes another really knowledgeable guy who really knows his radios.  He also has a blog which he updates regularly so theres some good good stuff to see on that too.

SylRoyCorsica

https://www.youtube.com/user/SylRoyCorsica

Roy is another rally well known guy.  Hes a lovely Irish gentleman he lives out in Corsica but amazingly features on a lot of the UK nets all the way from Corsica and I’ve been fortunate to work him once on a Midweek Side band net I was on in the summer.  He has some great videos of his amazing set up in Corsica which are well worth watching.

Chris The Hulk

https://www.youtube.com/user/pepsiholic2008

Chris The Hulk is another regular on the Sunday nets and I’ve managed to work him once or twice when I was out DXing in the summer.  He has a number of good CB Radio review videos on his channel as well as some interesting HAM radio stuff.  Hes also done some good DX videos from some high points in his area of the country

ShaneWeightman

https://www.youtube.com/user/shaneweightman

Shane is another favourite of mine who has a great collection of CB Radios in his shack.  I’ve also had him in the radio when out on the Sunday DXs although I’ve not yet had the chance to work him.  He posts some great videos and is a real down to earth kind of guy whos videos I really enjoy

 


CB Radio on YouTube

 

 

 

 

 

 

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YouTube Monetization Channel Under Review

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Exactly a month ago today, on the 18th January I received a message on my YouTube channel informing me that YouTube were planning to change a number of the policies in the YouTube Partner Program which would affect most smaller channels.

Basically anyone with less than 1,000 subscribers and less than 4,000 hours of view time in the last 12 months would not be eligible to be paid for the advertising used on their channel.

At the time, I had just 507 subscribers and less than 4,000 hours of view time in the last year on my channel which meant I would no longer be eligible to be paid for the advertising which appears on my YouTube Channel.

YouTube stated that they would provide a grace period with the deadline being set for the 20th February  before the new criteria would come into affect.

i have been working hard on my YouTube channel for the last couple of years and was shocked and disappointed by the news.  Still, I was quick to post a new video on my YouTube channel asking people to help me by subscribing to my channel and watching more of my videos to increase the watch time on my channel.

Since I was planning to do a Prize Giveaway when I reached 1,000 subscribers anyway I decide to offer a free CB Radio to anyone who subscribed to my channel since that video was posted.

Once the video was posted I went to work popularising the video in various Facebook Groups and a lot of the CB Radio Forums on the Internet.  Also a good many people shared out the video in other Facebook groups and I had a lot of help from a number of individuals who I will mention in a moment.

The good news is that by the 18th of February with the help of all of you I have met the criteria required by YouTube to continue earning money from the advertising that appears on my YouTube channel.

As of the 18th February, we have 1,054 subscribers and have achieved 4,306 Hours of view time in the last 12 months.

So its thanks to all of you that I was able to achieve my goal.  I said in my previous video that I would announce the winner of the Prize Draw at the end of February as I was planning to only allow entries to the Prize draw up until the channel hit 1,000 subscribers but have instead decided to extend entries up until the end of February to allow more people to enter and give you a little more time to subscribe and stand a chance of winning a brand new CRT One 80 Channel CB Radio.

So if you haven’t already subscribed then hit the subscribe button now and check back in early March to see if you were the lucky winner of the CB Radio but if you havn’t subscribed then you had better be quick as there are only a few days left before I won’t be able to enter you into the Prize Draw.

I mentioned that a number of people came to my assistance when I asked help and I wanted to mention them by name or at least by call sign.

Firstly thanks everyone from the Charlie Tango DX Group who saw my post in the Club forum and came through to my Youtube channel to subscribe.  A huge thanks to all of you for responding to the message.

There were also a couple of individuals who did various things to help promote my YouTube Channel and helped me to achieve both the 1,000 subscriber goal as well as achieving the 4,000 hour threshold well ahead of the deadline.

So, thanks to ‘Fred in the Shed’ for posting an End Screen on his popular YouTube channel to my videos as well as  Glynn, Reginald and Charlie Oscar 09 for their comments and support.

A special thanks also goes to   Stuart 26CT2652 for promoting my video on his group Facebook page.

The biggest thanks of all though goes to a gentleman in the 163 division by the name of Dai 163CT102 and his wife Kelly for all of the support they have been offering not just over recent weeks but for all of the comments support and the effort they put in to help me get 1000 subscribers before this weeks deadline

Thanks all of you for your tremendous Help

As I said I will keep the prize draw going until the end of the month so keep an eye out for an update video and the actual prize draw itself in early March

 

Thanks All!!

 

YouTube Monetization Channel Under Review

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